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Barton-upon-Humber - Wikipedia

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Barton-upon-Humber () or Barton is a town and civil parish in North Lincolnshire, England. The population at the 2011 census was 11,066.[1] It is situated on the south bank of the Humber Estuary at the southern end of the Humber Bridge. It is 46 miles (74 km) east of Leeds, 6 miles (10 km) south-west of Kingston upon Hull and 31 miles (50 km) north north-east of the county town of Lincoln. Other nearby towns include Scunthorpe to the south-west and Grimsby to the south-east.


Barton is on the south bank of the Humber Estuary and is at the southern end of the Humber Bridge. The Viking Way starts near the bridge.[2]

Transport connections[edit]

The Barton - Cleethorpes Branch Line (opened 1849) via Grimsby terminates at Barton-on-Humber railway station. The A15 passes to the west of the town cutting through Beacon Hill, and has a junction with the A1077 Ferriby Road to South Ferriby. The B1218 passes north-south through the town, and leads to Barton Waterside. Bus services provided by Stagecoach in Lincolnshire and East Yorkshire link the town with Cleethorpes, Grimsby, Scunthorpe and Hull.[citation needed]



Cropmarks and the discovery of polished handaxes in the area surrounding Barton-upon-Humber suggest that the area was inhabited at least as far back as the Neolithic (circa 4000 to circa 2,500 BCE).[3][4]


No Roman settlement has been found in Barton-upon-Humber, though individual discoveries dating to the Roman period have been made: in 1828 a Roman cremation and an inhumation were discovered,[5] in 1967 part of a Roman road was excavated near Bereton school (now Baysgarth school),[6] and other finds of coins, potteries, querns, and other Roman objects have been made.[7][8][9]


St Peter's Church has a Saxon tower. An Anglo-Saxon inhumation cemetery at Castledyke South, in use from the late 5th or early 6th century until the late 7th century, was investigated and partially excavated 1975-90: the skeletal remains of 227 individuals were identified, including one who had undergone (and survived) trepanning.[10] The church was reopened in May 2007 as a resource for medical research into the development of diseases, and ossuary, containing the bones and skeletons of some 2,750 people whose remains were removed between 1978 and 1984 from the 1,000-year-old burial site, after the Church of England made the church redundant in 1972.[11][12][13] The significance of the human remains lies in their representing the pathology of an isolated community over the period ca. 950-ca. 1850. An excavation report on this, one of England's most extensively investigated parish churches (including a volume on the human remains) was published in 2007.[14][15] The Castledyke South area, has been suggested to be the site of one of the most defining battles in the history of the British Isles.[16] Historical sources relating to the Battle of Brunanburh AD 937, tell of a huge fleet of warships entering the River Humber led by Olaf Guthfrithsson. Olaf and a coalition force, met King Æthelstan and his army in battle and were overwhelmed, after which, the defeated warriors and their leaders were said to have escaped in their ships.[17]


Barton is mentioned as a Medieval borough in documents dating from 1086, 1216-1272 and 1298.[18] A ferry to Hull was first recorded in 1086,[19] and remained in operation until 1851, but this was superseded by a ferry at New Holland which began in 1820.[citation needed] The oldest residential building in Barton is 51 Fleetgate: it dates back to 1325 with the majority of the front of the building dating to 1425.[20] The Medieval manor in Barton was Tyrwhitt Hall which dates to at least the 15th century.


There are two Medieval churches extant in Barton-upon-Humber, St Peter's and St Mary's, located only about 170 yards apart. St Peter's is a large, mostly Anglo-Saxon church and predates St Mary's — which may have originated as a chapel on the original market place, enlarged and increasing in importance as the town's trade thrived in the 12th and 13th centuries.[21][22][23][24]

18th century[edit]

19th century[edit]

The former head office of Elswick Hopper under conversion into flats (2006)

20th Century[edit]


Baysgarth School,[37] on Barrow Road, is a comprehensive school for ages 11-18. There are also three primary schools: St Peter's Church of England, on Marsh Lane;[38] the Castledyke Primary School[39] (formerly Barton County School), on the B1218; and Bowmandale Primary School,[40] in the south of the town.

Barton Grammar School,[41] which opened in 1931, used to be on Caistor Road. Henry Treece, the poet and author, was a teacher at the grammar school.[citation needed]


The clay pits on the Humber foreshore were the focus of a tile and cement industry from 1850 to 1959.[42] The industrial sites were abandoned in the early 20th century once supplies of clay began to run out. The clay workings filled with water and became colonised by species of reeds. The reserve was acquired by Lincolnshire Wildlife Trust in 1983, who opened it as Far Ings National Nature Reserve in the same year.[43]

For 20 years, Barton-upon-Humber was home to a 750,000 square feet (70,000 m2) site for Kimberly-Clark. The site closed in March 2013 and more than 200 jobs were lost.[44] Wren Kitchens bought the site and moved to a new head office, 'The Nest', on the site, initially employing 429 people.[45] Wren extended the site in 2016, creating an additional 600 jobs.[46] In 2019 Wren announced successful plans to build a £120million extension to the site. The new site was expected to employ an additional 535 people.[47]



An annual 'Bike night', a social event in the town celebrating motorcycles, has been held since 1997.[48] An annual arts festival has been held in Barton-upon-Humber since 1998.[49]


Since 1981, there has been a local history museum based in Baysgarth House, within Baysgarth Park.[50] In 2009, the Wilderspin National School museum opened following a £1.9 million funding investment. The school focuses on the life and works of Samuel Wilderspin.[51] In September 2020 an archive and exhibition centre dedicated to Ted Lewis was opened on Ferriby Road.[52]

Public Houses[edit]

Barton-upon-Humber has at least seven extant public houses, including The Volunteer Arms, The George Hotel, and The Wheatsheaf.[53] At least thirteen former public houses have been recorded from Barton, including the Steam Packet (on Fleetgate) which was demolished in 1848 in advance of the new railway here, and the Whitecross Tavern which closed in 1926.[54] Former pubs which have recently closed and since been redeveloped include The Blue Bell, which was redeveloped in 2016 into a housing complex named Blue Bell Court,[55] and the Carnival Inn, which was demolished in 2013.[56]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report - Barton-upon-Humber Parish (1170211327)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Recreational Route: East Midlands — Viking Way". Archived from the original on 14 August 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2007.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 1335424". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 16 November 2018.
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  6. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 79051". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 16 November 2018.
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  9. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 79054". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  10. ^ Drinkall, G.; Foreman, Martin & Welch, Martin G. (1998). The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Castledyke South, Barton-on-Humber. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press. ISBN 9781850756439.
  11. ^ "Church finds there's life in the old bones yet". Ekklesia and Ecumenical News International. Retrieved 18 August 2007.
  12. ^ "Skeleton collection goes on show". BBC News. London: BBC. 24 May 2007. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  13. ^ "Reburial for Anglo Saxon remains". BBC News. London: BBC. 7 March 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  14. ^ Rodwell, Warwick (2007). St Peter's, Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire : A Parish Church and its Community. Volume 1, History, archaeology and architecture. Oxford: Oxbow. ISBN 9781842173251.
  15. ^ Waldron, Tony; Rodwell, Warwick (2007). St Peter's Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire Volume 2, The human remains. Oxford: Oxbow. ISBN 9781842173251.
  16. ^
  17. ^ The Chronicle of John of Worcester, ed. R. Darlington and P. McGurk, 2 (Oxford, 1995), p.387
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  19. ^ Historic England. "THE BARTON FERRY (79005)". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 16 November 2018.
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  21. ^ Varah, Hugh. "Visitors' Guide and History of Saint Mary's Church". The Parish Church of Saint Mary the Virgin. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
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  24. ^ Historic England. "St Mary's Church  (Grade I) (1346773)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
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  32. ^ "Elswick Hopper". Retrieved 4 August 2012.
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  35. ^ "Oxford Picture Theatre, 57 Newport, Barton-upon-Humber, DN18 5QF". Cinema Treasures. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
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  37. ^ "Home". Baysgarth School. 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  38. ^ "Home". Barton St Peter's Church of England Primary School. 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  39. ^ "Home". Castledyke Primary School. 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  40. ^ "Home". Bowmandale Primary School. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  41. ^ "Old Barton Grammar School". Barton Grammar School. Archived from the original on 16 July 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  42. ^ "Far Ings". Lincolnshire Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  43. ^ "A brief history of Far Ings". Lincolnshire Wildlife Trust. Archived from the original on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  44. ^ "200-plus jobs go with Barton closure of Kimberly-Clark factory this Sunday". Scunthorpe Telegraph. Scunthorpe. 28 March 2013. Archived from the original on 3 June 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
  45. ^ "Jobs boost for Barton as Wren Kitchens buys nappy plant". BBC News. 8 August 2013.
  46. ^ "Wren Kitchens creates 600 jobs with £40m Barton expansion". BBC News. 31 March 2016.
  47. ^ "Wren Kitchens £120m factory plan gets go-ahead creating 1,200 new jobs near Hull". Hull Daily Mail. 10 October 2019.
  48. ^ "THE HISTORY OF BARTON BIKE NIGHT". Barton Bike Night. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  49. ^ "Barton Arts: About". Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  50. ^ "Baysgarth House Museum". Culture 24. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  51. ^ "Last Surviving 'Wilderspin School' Saved And Restored". Culture24. 26 January 2009. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  52. ^ "National archive and exhibition centre dedicated to Get Carter creator Ted Lewis to open in Barton". Grimsby Live. 31 August 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
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  55. ^ "Civic pride award brings kudos for fledgling housebuilder Qudos". 24 August 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  56. ^ "Carnival Inn". The Lost Pubs Project. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
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  78. ^ "Former pupil turned photographer returns to school as part of project". Scunthorpe Telegraph. 2 February 2011. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015.
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Further information[edit]

External links[edit]