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Penarth Group - Wikipedia

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Penarth Group

Stratigraphic range: Rhaetian

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Cut face of Cotham Marble, from the Lilstock Formation, showing the stromatolitic structures resembling a landscape

TypeGroupSub-unitsWestbury Formation, Lilstock FormationUnderliesLias GroupOverliesMercia Mudstone GroupThicknessfrom 0 to more than 12mLithologyPrimarymudstoneOtherlimestone, sandstoneLocationCountryGreat Britain, IrelandExtentwidespreadType sectionNamed forPenarth

The Penarth Group is a Rhaetian age (Triassic) lithostratigraphic group (a sequence of rock strata) which is widespread in Britain. It is named from the seaside town of Penarth near Cardiff in south Wales where strata of this age are exposed in coastal cliffs southwards to Lavernock Point. This sequence of rocks was previously known as the Rhaetic or Rhaetic Beds.[1]

Stratigraphy[edit]

It includes the Lilstock Formation and the underlying Westbury Formation. The Langport and Cotham Members, grey limestones of marine origin with associated mudstones, are recognised within the Lilstock Formation, itself named from Lilstock in west Somerset.[2][1] The Westbury Formation is named from Westbury-on-Severn in Gloucestershire.[3]

Ireland[edit]

In 1999, the discovery of an ichthyosaur from Langport Member mudstones exposed at Waterloo Bay, Larne provided the most complete example of this in Northern Ireland.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The BGS Lexicon of Named Rock Units β€” Result Details: Penarth Group
  2. ^ British Geological Survey 1:50,000 scale geological map sheet (England and Wales series) 326 Sidmouth
  3. ^ The BGS Lexicon of Named Rock Units β€” Result Details: Westbury Formation
  4. ^ Unearthing the Larne Sea Dragon (2007) National Museums Northern Ireland

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